There are number of health conditions associated with the abnormalities of various joints and bones in the human body. Some of these abnormalities exist since birth and some develop as result of injuries or due to complications produced by other diseases. Kyphosis is one of such abnormalities.

In simple words Kyphosis is curved condition of the spine. Such curving of spine may cause bowing of the back. This condition leads to slouching posture or hunchback. An individual can develop Kyphosis at any stage of his life.

Based on the age in which the Kyphosis developed and nature of Kyphosis, Kyphosis is subcategorized as adolescent Kyphosis, hunchback, scheuermann’s disease, postural Kyphosis and roundback.

Common Causes behind development of Kyphosis

An individual you develop Kyphosis due to degenerative disease, trauma or developmental problems. Following are some of the common causes responsible for occurrence of Kyphosis.

  • Infection caused to spine due to certain diseases such as tuberculosis.
  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Disorders of connective tissues
  • Scoliosis
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Degeneration of discs
  • Spina bifida
  • Polio
  • Some endocrine disorders
  • Tumors
  • Paget’s disease

Many times Kyphosis is associated with scoliosis. Risk factors of Kyphosis are related to cause of development.

Wedging of number of consecutive spine bones together is considered as the main cause behind development of adolescent Kyphosis.

Fractures caused by arthritis or osteoporosis and slipping (overlapping) of vertebrae disc on one another can result in Kyphosis, especially in adults.

Signs and Symptoms of Kyphosis

Following are some of the most commonly found signs and symptoms of Kyphosis.

  • Persistent mild pain in back
  • Stiffness and tenderness of spine
  • Fatigue
  • Breathing disorders such as difficulty in breathing
  • Round back appearance

Diagnosis of Kyphosis

A qualified medical practitioner can diagnose the Kyphosis even by conducting physical examination of the suspected person. However, he may recommend X-Ray investigation to confirm it. By examining the X-Ray, an expert can find abnormality of spine curvature, weakness, changes or paralysis sensation below the curve level. After studying the report carefully the doctor will examine various options available for treatment and recommend best suitable treatment.

Treatment of Kyphosis

There are some treatment options available for treating Kyphosis condition. Root cause of Kyphosis development plays a greater role in selecting best treatment. Physical therapy, medication and surgery are commonly used treatments. If Kyphosis is caused due to complications produced by osteoporosis, treatment of osteoporosis is to be done first before treating the Kyphosis.