What Is Childhood Obesity & How to Prevent It
When a person is exposed to temperatures below the freezing point of skin, frostbite occurs. It is a condition of hypothermia which is a condition of abnormally low body temperature. Both the frostbite and hypothermia are the cold-related emergencies. It used to be the military problem but now civilians are also getting affected with it. Normally the extreme parts like nose, cheeks, fingers and toes are affected; people residing in cold climates for most of their lives are greatly affected with frostbite.

Blood Diseases or Disorders

What are Blood Diseases?

Blood diseases or disorders are diseases that affect blood. Many blood diseases are congenital and are due to inherited genetic disorders. Some acquire in response to some kind of stress in the body. Blood diseases or blood disorders are sometimes referred as different from blood-borne diseases, disorders carried in the blood. One of the major distinguish that can be made between a blood disease and a blood-borne disease is that blood diseases are not communicable.

Types of blood diseases, its symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options:

Agnogenic Myeloid Meteplasia :

Agnogenic myeloid Metaplasia also known as (AMM) takes place in people when the bone marrow becomes scarred. This condition makes the bone marrow to reduce the manufacture of blood cells. Blood cells are a necessity for the human body, and hence to compensate for this, other vital organs of the body like the liver and the spleen starts manufacturing blood cells.

Amyloidosis :

Amyloidosis is a disease that is related to the bone marrow. Though this is not one particular disease, this disease is a result of an excess production of a protein known as amyloid. Though quite a normal protein which your bone marrow produces, it can be life threatening if produced in excess. Now this disease Amyloidosis can be basically classified into two types.

Aplastic Anemia :

Not many people suffer from this rare disorder. Aplastic anemia is one such disorder but is considered extremely dangerous because this is a problem related to the blood and you may come up with other infections. The other infections may be fatal too, though it is not because of Aplastic Anemia that you may loose your life.

Myelodysplastic :

Myelodysplastic syndrome is identified in people aged above sixty. This is a condition where there is a low count of white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. There are also abnormal granules that are seen in the cells, with an abnormal nuclear size and shape. The chromosomal abnormalities include abnormal chromosome number and chromosomal translocations. Myelodysplastic syndromes may result in leukemia (Cancer) known as acute myelogenous leukemia.

Pernicious Anemia :

Pernicious anemia is also known by a number of other names, to state a few they are; Macrocytic achylic anemia, Juvenile pernicious anemia, Congenital pernicious anemia, Vitamin B-12 deficiency

Polycythemia Vera :

When the bone marrow produces too much blood cell, the result is Polycythemia Vera; this is however a condition that is not common. Polycythemia Vera is a result of a high concentration of red blood cells only, though additional white blood cells and blood platelets are also being produced. It is a rare condition and is more often than not found in males than in females.

Porphyria :

Porphyria is a category of problems that can be called a cluster of collective problems caused due to the abnormalities leading as to the production of a chemical compound called Heme. Heme is an important substance that is produced by the body. The bone marrow and blood is the most content that holds the Heme.

Sepsis :

Sepsis also known as the Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is a life threatening condition. This is a bacterial infection, infecting the blood stream of the patient. The infections are caused by microorganisms in the body and these micro-organisms are toxin producing. These micro-organisms can originate at any place in the body, the most common origination points are the kidneys, the liver, the gall bladder, the skin, the lungs and the bowls.

Sickle Cell Anemia :

When hemoglobin of the type A becomes infected they turn into a kind of peculiar shape. This is the shape of a sickle and hence the name sickle cell anemia. This is an inherited condition and can affect any age groups and any gender.

Thrombocytopenia :

Some people suffer from abnormal bleeding, and the bleeding may not stop or a blood clot does not take place. The problem that this person is suffering from is known as Thrombocytopenia. This is a disorder relating from the low number of blood platelets in the body.

Thrombophlebitis :

Most people who travel for a long time in a car or an airplane are susceptible to Thrombophlebitis. This is a problem that is caused when the blood clots in your vein. The basics are that, it is different from varicose vein because the later condition causes inflammation of the vein. More often than not Thrombophlebitis occurs in the lower limbs.

Hematuria :

Red blood cells (RBCs) in the urine are the nature of Hematuria. The urine will look normal to the naked eye in mild Hematuria. It is visible when examined through a microscope in huge numbers of RBCs.

Hypercalcemia :

Hypercalcemia is an unusually towering level of calcium in the blood. A typically high level is usually more than 10.5 milligrams per deciliter of blood. The large quantity of calcium induces many difficulties in our body.

Hypoglycemia :

Hyperglycemia is condition wherein the sugar in blood increases to level more than the normal. Hyperglycemia is considered generally as the initial signal of diabetes mellitus.

Idiopathic Thrombocytopnic:

ITP is the short form of Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. In usual course the blood clotting does not happen while in the condition of Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. This is a sort of deficiency of insufficient number of platelets. It is considered to be a severe condition of disorder.

Iron Deficiency Anemia :

Iron Deficiency Anemia (also called IDA) is the state of being a person having insufficient amounts of iron to arrange for body demands. Iron deficiency of anemia is generally caused by very poor intake of iron in normal diet. It results in shrink in the quantity of red cells in the blood having too little iron.

Leukemia :

A cancer of the blood-forming tissues characterized by a large increase in the numbers of white blood cells (leukocytes) in the circulation or bone marrow is Leukemia. When in leukemia, white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow and lymph system is immature and abnormal.

Mastocytosis :

Mastocytosis (mas-toe-sigh-toe-sis) is one type of disorder wherein one has numerous mast cells in the body. A verity of blood cells situated in the skin, the linings of the stomach and intestine, and connective tissue (such as cartilage or tendons) are called mast cells.

Von Willebrand's Disease :

Erik Adolf von Willebrand was a pediatrician who first identified the disease. Von Willebrand's is a hereditary disease and is very common in humans and also in dogs.