Weight Loss Surgery
Surgical options for weight loss:
Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) – The stomach is divided in two parts. The upper part is small, which usually limits space for food. Food empties from the upper pouch into the lower pouch through a small opening. A band is put around the opening so that it doesn’t stretch out. Risks of VBG involves wearing away of the band or breakdown of the staple line. In other cases, stomach juices can leak into the abdomen or infection or death from complications that occur.
Laparoscopic gastric banding (Lap-Band)
Laparoscopic Gastric Banding is the surgery for long-term weight loss. A band is placed around the stomach. This help limits the food consumption and enable an earlier feeling of fullness. The band is adjusted over a period of time by increasing or decreasing the amount of salt solution to change the size of the passage. The band is intended for obese people and those overweight or who
are twice their ideal body weight who have failed to lose their weight by any other methods such as diet and exercise. The band is placed permanently, but it can be removed as and when necessary. People are banded will have to diet and exercise in order to maintain their weight loss procedure. The side effects may include nausea and vomiting, heartburn, abdominal pain, band slippage, or pouch enlargement. Lap-Band is well proven worldwide and is the most frequently performed operation.
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RGB)
There are several surgical procedure available for weight loss program. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is the most common of all the weight loss procedure due its reliability with minimal risks and side effects. In Roux-en-Y gastric bypass the surgeon staples off a large portion of the stomach, leaving a pouch. Patients tend to eat less as they did not before surgery, because this small pouch can only accommodate a few ounces of food at a time, and they gradually lose weight. Additionally, because most of the stomach and some of the small intestine has been bypassed, some of the nutrients and calories in your foods will not be absorbed. Appropriate candidates for this surgery are those who are 100 pounds or more overweight.
Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD)
Biliopancreatic Diversion is a type of bariatric surgery that stops the amount of food allowed into the stomach. Restriction in the both food intake the amount of calories and nutrients the body absorbs. In a BPD procedure, portions of the stomach are removed. The small pouch that remains is connected directly to the final segment of the small intestine, completely bypassing the duodenum and the jejunum. A common channel remains in which bile and pancreatic digestive juices mix prior to entering the colon. Weight loss occurs since most of the calories and nutrients are routed into the colon where they are not absorbed. The BPD is unique because it is the only procedure that allows you to eat normal quantities of food and achieve weight loss. The procedure still carries some mal-absorptive complications, including loose stools, malodorous gas, and serious deficiencies in protein and minerals such as calcium.