What are Varicose veins?
Varicose veins are the gnarled, enlarged veins. Any vein may become varicose, and the most common veins affected are those in your legs, feet. The reason being you tend to stand and walk upright which in turns increases the pressure in the veins in your lower body part.
People with varicose veins a very common medical insignificant variation are simply a cosmetic concern. But for others it may cause aching pain and a very high level of discomfort. Varicose veins may also result in a higher risk of other disorder of the circulatory system.
Women are more likely to get affected with varicose veins than a man.
What Causes Varicose Veins?
Varicose veins occur when the valves in your veins do not function properly. As you get older your veins becomes lose, causing them to stretch. The blood that should be moving forward toward your heart may flow backward. A Blood pool in your veins and your veins enlarges and become varicose. The veins changes to blue because they contain deoxygenated blood, which is in the process of being re-circulated. Pregnant women can get varicose veins as the pregnancies increases the flow of the blood in your body and simultaneously decreases the flow of blood from your legs to the pelvis.
Symptoms of Varicose Veins
The symptoms for varicose veins are as follows:
- Heavy feeling in your legs, swelling in your lower legs
- Itching around one or more of your veins
- Skin ulcers near ankle
Varicose veins are blue in color and may appear twisted and bulging similar like cords. Usually occur on the back of the calves on inside of the legs. However, they can be anywhere on your legs – groin to ankle.
Other types of varicose veins are:
Venous lakes – Blood in the veins, found on the face or neck
Reticular veins – Blue like veins under your skin and often behind the knee
Telangiectases – Cluster of blood vessels like spider veins, red in color and may be found on the face or upper body part.
Can Varicose Veins be prevented?
There is no complete prevention available for varicose veins. But improving your blood circulation and muscle can reduce the risk to some extent. It can be prevented in one or more of the following ways:
Exercise – Get your legs exercised walking or moving legs are great way to promote blood circulation in your legs.
Weight Control – Control your weight because excessive weight takes unnecessary pressure on veins.
Reduce prolong periods of sitting or standing, change your position frequently and move around at least every 30 minutes.
Varicose Veins Treatment
If your varicose veins do not tend to reduce then doctor may recommend you on for the following treatments:
Vein stripping – The vein stripping involves removing a long vein with the help of small incisions. It is an outpatient method for most people. Removing vein will not affect blood circulation because veins deep in the leg tend to take care of the large volumes of blood.
Endoscopic vein surgery – The operation is for advance case involving leg ulcers. The surgeon uses a thin video camera inserted in your leg to visualize veins.