Vaccination for Children
Need of vaccination for children
For the normal growth and protection from dieses vaccination is very important for the children. The main purpose of vaccination is to enhance the resistively power of child’s body against certain diseases, illness or virus which would adversely affect the child’s health or sometimes may cause death also. Vaccination is mandatory according to laws for those children who attend private, public schools and also for the children those who attend child care institutions. These laws may allow exemption of vaccination on religious or medical grounds.
Types of vaccines for the children
- DTAP – This vaccination gives child protection against Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis, or whooping cough.
- IPV – This vaccination gives child protection against polio.
- HIB – this vaccination is given to child to protect him/her against Haemophilus influenza type B.
- MMR – This vaccination is given to protect the child from measles, mumps and rubella.
- Pheumo – this vaccination protects the child from contracting diseases cause by Streptococcus pneumoniae.
- CPOX – This vaccination protects the child from contracting chicken pox.
- TD – This vaccination is the booster dose to protect the child from tetanus and diphtheria.
- Hepatitis B – this vaccination protects the child from contracting Hepatitis B.
Vaccination programme according to age
- Hepatitis B: Given at the birth of child
- Hepatitis B: when the child is one month old.
- DTAP, IPV, HIB, Pneumo: when the child is two months old.
- DTAP, IPV, HIB, Pneumo: when the child is four months old.
- DTAP, HIB, Pneumo: when the child is six months old.
- Hepatitis B: when the child is nine months old.
- MMR, CPOX, Pneumo: when the child is twelve months old.
- DTAP, IPV, HIB: when the child is fifteen months old.
- DTAP, IPV, HIB: when the child is admitted to pre-school.
- TD booster dose should be at an interval of ten years throughout life.
If a child has had suffered from chicken pox, is considered to be undergone immune. The parents or caretakers of such child have to show the proof of the child had chicken pox to the school or child care institute in case the child have not been given the CPOX vaccination.
Where to get vaccination
According to your choice and satisfaction you can visit a pediatrician or a local County Health Department for the purpose of vaccination of your child.
Are there any side effects or after sickness of vaccination
As per the norms you will be provided with full information about the vaccination before it is being given to your baby. You will be provided with a list which will be containing detailed information about any possible side effects or any illness your child may suffer after vaccination. You will also have to sign on a consent form through which you are giving written approval for your child for vaccination.
In terms of side effects, there are no alarming side effects of vaccination. Normally the child will have redness or slight swelling at the injection site. There is no risk of sickness also after vaccination; some children may have slight temperature after DTAP vaccine. Do not worry this side effect and fever will vanish within a few days.