What is Ulcerative Colitis?
Various abnormalities are associated with the digestive system in general and colon in particular. Colon is an important factor of the digestive system and digestive system is one of the important systems of the human body. At times, these abnormalities lead into development of certain diseases and complications. Ulcerative colitis is one of such health condition. The symptoms of ulcerative colitis are identical to symptoms of some other digestive disorders and hence are confusing. The factors responsible for occurrence colitis are also nearly same that of factors contributing towards other digestive disorders. In the succeeding paragraphs we will learn about the symptoms, causes and treatment options for ulcerative colitis.
Description of Ulcerative Colitis
Inflammation abscesses and tiny ulcers in the upper layer of the intestine, specifically large intestine, are the main characteristics of Ulcerative Colitis. In some cases, the inflammation may invade to the rectum and spread into large intestine. If such inflammation is restricted only to the rectum area, such a condition is termed as ulcerative Proctitis. The spread of ulcer in large intestine or rectum may vary from one person to another.
Common symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis
There are numbers of signs and symptoms associated with occurrence of ulcerative colitis. These symptoms may defer from one individual to another. Following are some of the most usual symptoms of ulcerative colitis.
- Diarrhea (specifically bloody diarrhea)
- Occurrence of pus along with stool
- Pain in abdomen
- Painful bowel movements
- Surfacing of ulcers or lesions on skin
- Pain in joints
- Eye irritation/inflammation
- Unexplained weight loss
Causes responsible for development of Ulcerative Colitis
The exact causes responsible for occurrence of ulcerative colitis have not been established yet. Researches are on to establish the causes.
Diagnosis of Ulcerative Colitis
A medical procedure known as colonoscopy is performed for ascertaining occurrence of ulcerative colitis. In colonoscopy, a flexible and thin tube (to which a micro camera is attached) is inserted into the colon for examining the internal area. With the help of the camera the specialist examines the internal colon area and makes notes of the abnormalities. Based on the results obtained from this procedure the occurrence of ulcerative colitis is confirmed.
Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis
There are some remedies available for treatment of ulcerative colitis. The treatments are primarily aimed at reducing inflammation, relieving symptoms and avoiding possible complications. Usually, ulcerative colitis is treated with medications. However, in certain severe cases, one may have to undergo surgery.
Complication produced by Ulcerative Colitis
Prolonged ulcerative condition makes the patient vulnerable for development of colon cancer. Patients with more than half affected colon are also on risk of incurring colon cancer.
If you experience certain symptoms and suspect that these symptoms are of ulcerative colitis you must discuss with you health care provider on the following aspects.
- Cause and Complications associated with blood stool or mucus
- Bowel movement frequency
- Intensity of pain in abdomen
- Effects of ulcers on weight (loss or gain)
- Treatment options available.