What is Thrombophlebitis?
Most people who travel for a long time in a car or an airplane are susceptible to Thrombophlebitis. This is a problem that is caused when the blood clots in your vein. The basics are that, it is different from varicose vein because the later condition causes inflammation of the vein. More often than not Thrombophlebitis occurs in the lower limbs. In a rare case it may take place on your upper limbs or the fore arms.
Basically Thrombophlebitis is classified into two types. The classification is based on the location of the blood clot. If the blood clot is somewhere near the surface of the skin then it is called superficial Thrombophlebitis. If the clot is somewhere deeper in the muscle, then it is known as deep venous thrombosis. This condition generally affects
the larger veins of the body. Deep venous thrombosis is a dangerous condition at times, because the clot is likely to dislodge and travel up to the heart of the lungs and causes further complications, like blockage of the artery or you may suffer from a stroke.
The symptoms of Thrombophlebitis are quite evident. The patient is likely to be in severe pain from the affected part. The vein may become tender and the skin will turn a reddish color and it will become inflamed.
Risks for Developing Thrombophlebitis?
Blood clots cause Thrombophlebitis, and the reasons of blood clotting are many. However you are at an increased risk of being affected by Thrombophlebitis if you are under the following conditions:-
You have been inactive for over a long period of time. This may be from either riding for a long time in a car or sitting for extended hours in an airplane. The in-activity may include being bed ridden for a long time, most probably after a surgery / heart attack or a limb fracture. Under these conditions you may be taking medications to treat your condition and these medications may also act an adverse player for your Thrombophlebitis condition.
If you’ve had a pace maker placed in your body or had a catheter in your veins, then the chances of you developing Thrombophlebitis increases drastically.
Clots developing in varicose veins are also a condition of Thrombophlebitis development.
Thrombophlebitis can be treated, provided you know what caused it. An investigation will reveal the condition and remedial steps can be taken to treat the condition. It is advisable not to let the condition remain and take treatment as early as possible. The reason to this being you are more at a risk of suffering from a stroke or an attack or the blood clot may dislodge and move to the lungs. This will result in un-treatable complications or complications that require extensive surgery.
The type of treatments available for Thrombophlebitis are medications, taking of anti-coagulants like aspirin to prevent further clogging, non-steroidal medications to reduce pain, antibiotics.
To make one self comfortable one can make use of support strapping and garments. To relieve pain you can make use of moist heat. Keep the area in an elevated condition to reduce swelling.
Surgical treatments for the condition are also available.