What Is Stomach Cancer?
The stomach is part of the entire digestive system which is sometimes called the gastrointestinal tract.
Stomach cancer is the result of cell changes in the lining of the stomach. The most common location for tumour is where the stomach joins the bowel.
How does Stomach Cancer spread?
The spread of stomach cancer can be heredity or the combination of heredity and environment, diet, smoking etc can contribute to stomach cancer.
Stomach cancer can spread to different parts of the body. It can grow through the wall of the stomach and can spread into nearby organs or also can spread to the lymph nodes and then through the lymph system.
Milk, fresh vegetable and vitamin c and frozen food all appear to help reduce the risk of the stomach cancer.
Other risk factors that have been suggested include being group A, and having bacteria helicobacter pylori in the stomach.
Types of Stomach Cancer
There are several types of stomach cancer; some of them are very rare. The most common types of stomach cancer start in the glandular cells of the stomach lining and are called as adenocarcinomas.
Other type of stomach cancer is called as soft tissues sarcomas. These are very rare cancer usually begin from the cells of the muscle layer of the stomach. The most usual type of sarcomas to affect stomach is called leiomyosarcoma.
Another stomach cancer includes gastrointestinal stromal tumour, they start in the tissues that support organs of the digestive system. An uncommon type of tumour that can affect stomach is a lymphoma. They are the cancer of the lymphatic system.
Symptoms of Stomach Cancer
The common symptoms of stomach cancer include any of the following listed below:
- Losing appetite
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Losing weight
- Blood in stools
Many of the symptoms described above are common to conditions other than cancer of the stomach. Most people who see their doctor with these symptoms will not have cancer. However, it is important to have them checked so that further tests can be done if necessary.
Stomach Cancer Treatment Options
The three major types of treatments for stomach cancer are surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
Radiation therapy – It involves the use of high-energy rays to shrink or kill cancer cells. The possible side effects from radiation therapy can include mild skin problems, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or fatigue.
Chemotherapy – It involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. While chemotherapy drugs kill cancer cells, they also damage some normal cells and this can lead to other side effects. Again, the side effects depend on the type of drugs used, the amount given, and the length of treatment. The common side affects are: Fatigue, Nausea and vomiting, Loss of appetite, Hair loss, Mouth sores, and a higher risk of infection caused by a shortage of white blood cells, Bruising or bleeding after minor cuts
Surgery – Surgery includes the removal of the cancer and the part of the stomach where it is attached.