What is Plantar Fasciitis?
The plantar fascia is a thick, broad, inelastic band of fibrous tissue that usually courses with the bottom – plantar surface of the foot. It is attached to heel bone and fans out to attach to the bottom of the metatarsal bones in the region of the ball of the foot. The plantar fascia acts like a bowstring to maintain the arch of the foot.
Plantar fasciitis may be refers to an inflammation of the plantar fascia. The inflammation is in the tissues is the result of some injury to the plantar fascia. Plantar fasciitis results from repeative trauma to the tissue where it is attaches to calcaneus. The repeative trauma may often results in microscopic tearing of the plantar fascia. The result of the damage and inflammation is pain.
Plantar Fasciitis Symptoms?
The most common symptom is intense pain located in the center or the inner side of the bottom of the heel. The pain is most intense when first standing and after resting. The pain is most severe when first standing and after resting because the foot tries to heal itself when it is in a contracted position.
Some other symptoms may include: tight foot and swelling.
What Causes of Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar Fasciitis is often caused by abnormal stretching of the plantar fascia ligament. There are many causes of abnormal stretching.
The causes of plantar fasciitis can be:
Arthritis – Arthritis can cause inflammation in the tendons in the bottom of your foot, which may cause to plantar fasciitis.
Diabetes – Although doctors don’t have any idea, plantar fasciitis occurs mostly in people with diabetes.
Faulty foot mechanics – Having a high arch or even having an abnormal pattern of walking can cause adversely affect the way weight is distributed when you are on your feet, putting added stress on the plantar fascia.
Improper shoes – Shoes that are thin-soled, loose, or lack arch support or the ability to absorb shock don’t protect your feet. If you regularly wear shoes with high heels, your Achilles tendon which is attached to your heel can contract and shorten, causing strain on the tissue around your heel.
Plantar Fasciitis Treatment Options
Plantar Fasciitis can be treated. However, the more you wait to treat plantar, the more difficult it will become to treat. Treatment involves correcting the underlying causative problems. Some of the most common treatments are as follows:
1) Stretching the calf muscles several times a day, especially in the morning and after prolonged sitting.
2) Ice after activity. Plain ice is good
3) Stretching the plantar fascia in the morning.
5) Arch Support – especially if you have flat feet
6) Losing weight – if possible, especially in overweight women because our survey of 5,000 visitors shows overweight women are 6 times more likely than overweight men to get plantar fasciitis. This is probably because fat deposits lower on the body in women than in men. This lowers the center of gravity which will cause excess tension in the plantar fasciitis if there is not also greater flexibility in the calf muscles.