What is Periodontitis?
Gum problems if not taken seriously can develop into gingivitis and this later develops into Periodontitis. Periodontitis can be defined as the advanced stage of gum problems where one would be required to go in for treatment with antibiotics and sometimes one would require surgical correction of gums with loss of teeth.Periodontitis is one of the most serious problems that has caused tooth lose in adults across the United States.
Periodontitis is known by various other names, a few of them being pyorrhea, periodontal disease or periodontal bone loss.
What Causes Periodontitis?
The beginning of almost all dental problems is plaque build up. Periodontitis is also an advanced stage of plaque build up. Plaque build up can cause tartar and this can form gingivitis. Gingivitis in its advanced stage is known as Periodontitis. Gingivitis is known as the mildest form of periodontal diseases. When a person is affected by gingivitis it is the base of the gum line that causes irritation. However this being mild is often overlooked by individuals and this develops into a serious problem.
Periodontitis is also caused by smoking, drugs, and diabetes. Use of drugs can also result in periodontal bone loss. Hormonal changes and an ill balanced diet can also result in Periodontitis.
Signs and Symptoms of Periodontitis
Periodontitis is often indicative by a few common signs that are indicative of any gum problems / diseases. They are:
(a) Gums that are swollen and have a reddish color.
(b) One may find an un-pleasant taste in one’s mouth.
(c) The patient may suffer from bad breath.
(d) One may experience pain while eating, brushing or chewing.
(e) The teeth may become a bit loose.
(f) Pus may collect around the base of the teeth. (Extreme cases)
The above mentioned symptoms of Periodontitis are not unique to any single individual but occur collectively or solely.
How can you reduce your chance of developing Periodontitis?
Periodontitis is easily avoidable. All you may have to do is brush your teeth twice daily. Follow it up with regular flossing which cleans out the food particles that are stuck to your gum line. Once ion every six months make it a point to visit a dentist to get some professional cleaning done. There are some parts of the teeth that are quite inaccessible by your brush and which requires professional cleaning.
Make use of a good mouth wash without out any taste enhancers.
Periodontitis Treatment Options
Treatment options are varied for every individual; it depends on the severity of the condition and the intensity of pain one is suffering from. The doctor could prescribe pain killers for taking care of your pain and treat the infection with antibiotics. In severe cases he could go in for surgery or grafting.
Periodontitis has been the toot cause of a number of other problems; the most sever among them being stroke, heart diseases, and complications during pregnancy and diabetes. In case you are suffering from any of the above mentioned problems it would be a good idea to be very careful about your dental hygiene.