General information about Osteomyelitis
There are number of health conditions associated to various joints and bones in the human body. Some are conditions are diseases in itself whereas many others are complications produced by certain diseases. Osteomyelitis is usually a result of complication of some other ailment.
In fact, Osteomyelitis is a bone infection that is chronic in nature. Though the bone is affected site, normally root cause of such infection is not injuries caused to bone. Most often the infection is originated from some other body parts and is spread to bone through blood stream. If the bone has undergone trauma recently, such bone becomes predisposed to the infection.
Normally long bones such as thigh bone, especially in children, are affected by infection called Osteomyelitis. Unlike children, pelvis and vertebrae are the most common sites where Osteomyelitis affects in adult cases.
Chronic Osteomyelitis occurs due to loss of blood supply to bone. Such loss of blood supply is caused when bone tissues dies. As is suggestive from the nomenclature ‘chronic’ (which means prolonged), the Osteomyelitis conditions persists for many years. People with diabetes, hemodialysis, people who have suffered trauma recently and people who abuse IV drugs are considered on higher risk of developing chronic Osteomyelitis. Fortunately, it is a rare health condition. According to the available statistics, one person among 5000 people gets affected with Osteomyelitis.
Symptoms of Osteomyelitis
The symptoms may vary from one person to another depending upon the general health of the person and stage of the Osteomyelitis. Pain in bone, swelling around the bone area, redness of bone area, nausea, warmth, abscess at infection site and high fever are common symptoms of Osteomyelitis.
Causes behind occurrence of infection that leads to development of Osteomyelitis
Fungus and bacteria are known as main culprits behind occurrence of infection. Normally, infections can occur from open fractures, surgical operations and penetrating wounds. Infecting microorganisms (from other infected sites) can reach bone through blood stream. Such cases of infection are more prominent in children.
Generally, after the infection occurs, pus is produced in the bone. This may lead to production of bone abscess. As a result of this abscess, the blood supply to the bone is interrupted. Such condition may lead to death of bone tissues in period of time and death of bone tissue is one of the major causes behind development of Osteomyelitis.
Treatment of Osteomyelitis
Fortunately, there are certain remedies available for treating condition of Osteomyelitis. Treatment is very important. If you suspect of suffering from Osteomyelitis or experience some symptoms of it, it is better to consult your doctor immediately. Delay in treatment may worsen the condition and lead to other health complications. If left untreated, Osteomyelitis infections can even the destruct the bone.
Generally, medications such as antibiotics are used in treatment of Osteomyelitis. Timely treatment will provide you relief, if not cure, and prevent deterioration of the infected site.