Legg calve Disease
Joints and bones are important organs of the human body. At times these organs develop certain abnormalities or disorders that could lead to health complications. These abnormalities could be result of complications produced by certain other diseases. Legg-calve-Perthes disease is one of such abnormalities.
In Legg-calve-Perthes disease, head of the thighbone (which is present in the hip) deteriorates. This deterioration could be result of inadequate blood supply to that area. This disease is also known as Perthes disease and Coxa Plana. Generally only one side (side nearest to the thigh bone) is affected by the Legg-calve-Perthes disease. Children between age group of 4 years and 10 years are found to be developing Legg-calve-Perthes disease more.
Causes behind occurrence of Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
Interrupted blood flow (insufficient blood flow) towards thigh bone tip is considered as major cause behind development of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. The tip of thigh bone dies as a result of this interruption in blood flow. Normally, the bone takes considerably shorter period, between 1 week and 3 weeks, to die.
Hope for people suffering from Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
Fortunately, there is an option available to overcome this condition. If the interrupted blood supply is restored or new blood supply is created, this can produce new bone cells. Such newly formed bone cells appear on the tip of thigh bone. It takes approximately 6 months to 12 months for appearance of such bone cells. However, the time taken for total replacement of old bone by the new bone may take longer period such as 2 to 3 years.
Signs and Symptoms of Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
Following are common signs and symptoms of Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease.
- Persistent knee pain
- Persistent pain in groin and thigh region
- Reduction in size of muscles in upper thigh
- In some cases shortening of leg may be seen
- Legs may have different lengths (Unequal legs)
- Stiffness of hip
- Walking with a limp or difficulty in walking
- Restricted range of motion
Treatment of Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
Like other joint and bone related diseases there are some therapies available for treating Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. Following are commonly used therapies.
- Cast, splint or brace
- Use of crutches to prevent deterioration
- Bed rest