What is termed as Dislocation of Joint?
The joint which loses its original place or slips out from its natural place is termed in medical terminology as ‘dislocated joint’. In such cases the ends of joint bones are forced from its original position. This dislocation of joints results in malfunctioning of the joint. Such dislocation adversely affects the routine functions of joint.
In some severe dislocation cases the impact may result in tearing of muscles, tendons and ligaments. The main function of ligaments, muscles and tendons surrounding the joint is to support the joint.
If an individual is suspected of dislocated vertebrae, owing to the neck or back injuries he sustained as a result of an accident or fall, never move the individual. In such cases you must call a qualified medical practitioner for providing immediate medical attention.
Signs and Symptoms of Dislocated Joint
Following are some of the common signs and symptoms of dislocated joint.
- Swelling around the joint area
- Severe pain
- Difficulty in moving (immobility) the affected joint
Causes behind dislocation of joint
Trauma, fall and blow are considered as most common causes behind dislocation of joint. In certain cases, dislocation of joint may be a result of some disease or defective ligament. Joint dislocation can be caused by complications led by disease like rheumatoid arthritis.
Seriousness/complications of Joint Dislocation
In certain severe cases joint dislocation may lead to some health complications like tearing of muscles, tendons and ligaments. The seriousness of joint dislocation is related to joint location and severity of impact. Some joints take less period for healing while other requires comparatively longer periods.
Dislocation of the elbow joint is termed as Nirsemaid’s elbow. Usually, this type of join dislocation is seen more in young children (below age of 5 years). This is caused by the force (jerk or pull) applied by another child or and adult on child’s arm. Restricted elbow movement or difficulty in moving elbow and pain are the main symptoms of Nursemaid’s elbow. The pain reduces gradually after the joint is placed in its original place.
Treatment of Dislocated Joint
Considering the intensity and possible complications, joint dislocation must be treated as early as possible. It is better to seek assistance of a qualified medical practitioner for treating cases of joint dislocation. After conducting the proper physical examination, your doctors will advice you on further course of treatment. Following are some of common treatment options.
- Medication – the main aim of medication is to relieve the pain and reduce swelling
- In certain severe cases of joint dislocation a surgery may be recommended. Such surgery is conducted to repair or tighten ligaments that have been stretched as a result of joint dislocation.