Sports Fitness Information
During the last ten years, theories regarding methodologies on sports fitness have been altered significantly. Recent cutting-edge trainers and coaches do not concentrate on just the brute strength of their athletes. Rather, they have considered movement patterns as the foundation of several programs for conditioning. These movement patterns are the same with the certain sport that the athletes are specializing on. The development of this idea is based on the theory of pattern recognition through motor learning. This states that an individual’s brain is better with the memorization of movement patterns compared with memorizing basic muscle isolations.
With the abolition of past fitness programs for sports, experts have taken into consideration several factors when they design a program for sports training. These factors are the following:
Sport – When coming up with sports fitness programs, there are various considerations to look into. A significant example would be the major characteristics of the sport. Trainers determine whether the athletes need to exert more power, speed, coordination, or agility. The energy system that is being utilized is also taken into consideration. Sports which call for great amounts of energy utilize anaerobic system. On the other hand, endurance sports call for the utilization of aerobic system. When it comes to team sports, trainers look into the position of a specific athlete. Even if the athletes are engaging in the same sport, there is a specific fitness need for each one of them.
Among the mistakes of sports training programs is forgetting the amount of strength that is needed by a certain sport. This incidence usually occurs in fitness training for golf, wherein the coach or the trainer teaches his athlete to perform golf movement patterns with a certain weight which is way heavier than the player’s club. Because of this, the performance of the golfer is slowed down.
Athlete – When this factor is looked into, exceptional physical abilities are also taken into consideration. Aside from the physique, the athlete’s weaknesses, strengths, and history of injury are also taken into account. Sports fitness programs are considered as beneficial when these teach athletes various ways to utilize their strength to their utmost advantage. What is more, a sports training program should also teach athletes how to strengthen their weaknesses. When an athlete is prone to the incidence of injuries, there is development of maintenance programs for preventing further injuries.
Program – Since there is an inclusion of fast reaction times in sports, spontaneity is also considered when developing sports fitness programs. This is taken into account for the enhancement of the athlete’s agility. Other than this, there should also be incorporation of proprioception exercises and balance. Proprioception exercises are conditioning programs for sports; wherein the athletes’ movements are extremely predictable. Stabilizing gadgets are also used to get rid of the requirement for the activation of core muscles.
Eighty percent of an athlete’s muscles which are being used during sports performance are rotary. On the other hand, movement patterns through machine exercise are predominantly linear. Because of this, sports training through machines are not considered as functional.