ITP is the short form of Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.
In usual course the blood clotting does not happen while in the condition of Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. This is a sort of deficiency of insufficient number of platelets. It is considered to be a severe condition of disorder.
Decrease in the number of blood platelets (thrombocytopenia) may be the outcome of impaired production or amplified destruction of platelets. Normal platelet counts are between 150,000 and 400,000 per cubic millimeter. When the platelet count drops to 50,000 to 75,000, and particularly to 10,000 to 20,000, spontaneous bleeding may occur.
What Is Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura?
Platelets assist the blood clot and prevent bleeding. People with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura often have purple bruises that appear on the skin. The bruises are caused by bleeding has occurred in small blood vessels under the skin.
Some bleeding disorders are due to abnormalities of platelet function rather than to a defect in platelet number.
The most common acquired disorder of platelet task is associated with aspirin, or acetylsalicylic acid. Aspirin reacts with platelets, even when the drug is taken at little doses. This reaction brings down the ability of platelets to produce a group of chemicals known as prostaglandins. This will result in bleeding disorder.
What Are the Symptoms of Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura?
The most general symptoms of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura are bleeding, bruising, and tiny red dots on the skin or mucous membranes. Bleeding from the nose, gums, digestive or urinary tracts might take place rarely. Internal bleeding of brain occurs occasionally.
What causes Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura?
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is considered as an autoimmune ailment. Due to the reason that decline in platelets occurs because the immune system harasses and damages the body’s own platelets. Own platelets are unidentified since the reason that immune system attacks of its hold. Although clot formation is a normal process, it sometimes occurs inappropriately and constitutes a threat to life. In patients hospitalized for a long time, for example, clots sometimes form in the large veins of the legs. If these clots, or thrombi, travel to the lungs, they can cause death as a result of an embolism. Such venous thrombi are dissolved in many cases with a combination of drugs that prevent coagulation and break down clots.
What Are Platelets?
The small blood cell fragments that are made inside the bone marrow are known as platelets. Platelets mingle through ones blood vessels and assist discontinues bleeding by sticking mutually to fasten small cuts or breaks in tiny blood vessels. Platelets are furthermore known as thrombocytes.
Types of Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
Following are the two main types of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: Namely, acute and chronic.
Normally idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura survives fewer than 6 months. Since it is the most common type of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, it mostly occurs in children, irrespective of sex. It usually happens following an infection caused by a virus. Treatment is not necessary for this disorder, since the acute idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura mostly cures on its own within a small number of weeks or months and does not repeat.
Normally this type of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura lasts for 6 months or more than the period. Adults are most likely affected by this disorder. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura on the other hand affects even younger children and a number of teenagers. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura also affects women more rapidly 2 to 3 times than men. Depending on the severe ness of bleeding symptom and the platelet counts treatment will be provided. Treatment may not be necessary in case of meek attack. Following are some of the diseases, which are due to Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.
- Diseases related to platelets and coagulation proteins
- Bleeding disorders
- Disorders of platelet number