What is Gum Disease?
To appreciate gum diseases, one should first know what gums are. Gums are flesh tissues around the teeth. The purposes of the gums are basically to hold the teeth in place like a plant is being held by the soil in-spite of the roots going deep down. The mouth is the most active place where bacteria live. There are a few million bacteria in the mouth; of which some are harmless and the others are infectious. These infectious bacteria are always trying to cause problems in the mouth. Some of the problems caused by them include gum diseases. So gum diseases can be defined as infections caused by the infection causing bacteria of the mouth to the gums. Some people define it as a sneaky disease, this because the patient may be suffering from gum diseases and not be aware of it at all.
In a study conducted, it was found that not more than 30 percent of the adults were aware of gum diseases and that of this thirty percent only five percent were able to give a straight answer as to if they had gum diseases or not. However the awareness of gum diseases and tooth related problems are growing with the aesthetic appeal it has got for one’s face.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
One can identify if one has gum diseases or not by doing a few simple self checks. Check for gum recession. Most infected gums recede and the base of the teeth start showing up. Look to see if there are any gaps in the teeth; that have appeared quite recently. If these gaps look new to you make a not of it and see if they are increasing. While brushing you may get the taste of blood in your mouth and your gums may bleed. Check for yourself to see if you have bad breath. Hold your palm against your mouth and blow into the palm. Inhale and see if you find a foul smell. Or you could get your partner to do the checking for you. Check for reddishness of the gums. Infected gums will turn a bright red in color. In most advanced stages of gum infections the teeth may become loose.
What Causes Gum Disease?
Gum disease results from the build up of plaque around the teeth. Plaque is a sticky substance that is containing bacteria, it is generally a colorless or whitefish sticky mass. The bacteria in the plaque produce toxins and it is these toxins that generally destroy the teeth and causes gum infections. Plaque when it builds up turns into tartar.
Gum Disease Treatment options
There are a number of treatment options for gum diseases. One can go in for the treatment based on the seriousness of the infections. In extreme cases one may need to go in for surgery, otherwise you can get gum infections treated by antibiotics. Your dentist will suggest what is suitable for you based on the infection.
Can Gum Disease be spread to my family?
Gum diseases are infectious. Do not make use of the same tooth brush. Some gum diseases are genetically transmitted in the family. Extra care should be taken if your parents are identified as suffering from gum diseases. Clean your teeth regularly and visit the dentist once in every six moths for a regular checkup.
The Risk Factors for Gum Disease
People, who smoke, have diabetes and children of parents with genetic gum diseases are more prone to gum diseases.