What is Gingivitis?
There are millions of bacteria in our mouth and the mouth is the considered the most active place for bacteria. Infections that take place in the mouth can lead to gum diseases. Gingivitis is one such infection of the gums. It causes the gums to inflame and this is probably the first stage of an impending gum disease.
What causes Gingivitis?
Almost all the infections in the mouth are caused by plaque. So then what is plaque? Plaque is in the form of a thin sticky film on the surface of the teeth. They are the bacteria that are gathered in a collective mass. Plaque needs to be removed regularly on a daily basis. Plaque further produces certain toxins that are quite harmful for the teeth and the gums leading to gum diseases. If the plaque is not removed regularly, it turns into tartar in as little time as twenty four hours. This would necessitate a professional cleaning work as tartar cannot be removed by regular brushing.
Gingivitis is also caused by injury to the gums. The injury may a result of improper vigorous brushing or improper flossing of the teeth. Other causes of gingivitis are diabetes, poor oral hygiene and / or pregnancy.
Periodontitis is another gum infection. If one has Gingivitis it may develop into Periodontitis; but in any case it not is the other way around. Gingivitis can be controlled and one can get rid of it.
Gingivitis if left untreated can develop in to Periodontitis. This can cause permanent damage to your teeth and jaw line.
Symptoms of Gingivitis
Gingivitis can be easily identified by bad breath, a bad taste in your mouth and gums that are swollen and reddish in color. The gums are also likely to bleed when you brush your teeth. The gums will be pulled away from the teeth or they may stand apart from your teeth. This causes the debris of the food particles to enter these cavities and decay there leading to formation of certain bacteria that eat away your teeth. The ultimate is loss of healthy teeth.
A full dental X-ray can help the dentist in determining the amount of damage that has taken place to the teeth due to gingivitis.
Can Gingivitis be prevented?
It is quite easy to prevent gingivitis if you follow a few simple rules. Brush and floss your teeth regularly. Make it a habit to visit a dentist at least twice in a year for cleaning your teeth. Eat a healthy food with a diet rich in fibers. Avoid sweets and sugars that stick. Do not keep a candy in your mouth for too long. Make it a habit to clean your mouth after every meal or sweet that you have taken.
Avoid tobacco in all forms as they are permanent stain causative agents and this can lead to gingivitis.
There are a number of treatment options for people affected by gingivitis. They range from anti biotic treatments, Curettage, flap surgery, bone grafts and the likes. These are, however for advanced stages of gingivitis.