What is Gastritis?
Gastritis is an inflammation of the lining of your stomach. The inflammation results from infection with same bacterium that causes most stomach ulcers. Others including traumatic injury and regular use pain relievers also contribute to gastritis. It can lead to ulcers and an increase risk of stomach risk.
What Causes Gastritis?
Gastritis can be caused by when protective mechanisms are overwhelmed, damaging and inflaming your stomach lining. Some of these contribute to gastritis include:
Bacterial Infection – Primary caused with the bacteria called as helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) that live in the mucous later that coats the lining of your stomach. The reason are still unknown as how the bacteria are transmitted the source could be contaminated food or water.
Regular use of pain relievers – Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen can lead to stomach inflammation by decreasing that preserves the protective stomach lining.
Cocaine – Cocaine can damage your damage leading to bleeding and gastritis.
What are the Symptoms?
The symptoms for gastritis include the following:
- Loss of appetite
- Belching or bloating
- Weight loss
- A feeling of fullness in your upper abdomen after eating
Gastritis that occurs suddenly normally results in the combination of nausea and burning pain or discomfort in your upper abdomen. Occasionally, gastritis may cause stomach bleeding, but is not severe unless there’s ulceration of your stomach lining. Bleeding in your stomach can cause vomit blood or pass black, tarry stools and may need immediate medical attention.
Other symptoms include:
- Stomach ulcers
- And Nonulcer dyspepsia
Can Gastritis be prevented?
Gastritis can be prevented to some extent with the help of the following steps:
Eat Well – If you have frequent indigestion, eat small, more frequent meals to fill the stomach acid secretion. And avoid any spicy, acidic and fried or fatty food content.
Avoid Alcohol – Excessive of alcohol can irritate and erode the mucous lining of your stomach, resulting inflammation and bleeding.
Stop Smoking – Smoking increase stomach acid, delays stomach healing and is a leading risk factor for stomach cancer. Reduce the amount of smoking.
Most types of gastritis, treatment involves taking drugs to reduce stomach acid such as:
Antacids – Antacids in liquid or tablet form are a common treatment for gastritis. It can help reduce and can provide fast pain relief.
Acid blockers – When antacids don’t provide help to relief, doctor may recommend a medicine such as cimetidine, ranitidine, or famotidine that help reduce the amount of acid your stomach produces.
Doctors use several different types of method to treat H. Pylori infection. Most use a combination of two antibiotics and a proton pump inhibitor. Sometimes bismuth (Pepto-Bismol) also is added to the mix. The antibiotic helps destroy the bacteria, and the acid blocker or proton pump inhibitor relieves pain and nausea, heals inflammation and may increase the antibiotic’s effectiveness.
H. pylori treatments aren’t always completely successful, but combination of three or more seems to be more effective.