Diagnoses of Hydroceles

Hydroceles, which is a medical problem only acquired by men, is the accumulation of fluid in any cavity, duct or sac-like which happens specifically along the spermatic cord or in the tunica vaginalis testis. This particular condition is usually caused by the inflammation or swelling of the elongated cordlike structure course parallel with the testis’ posterior border which is also known as the epididymitis. In etiology the origin of hydrocele is still unknown and scrotal malignancies are very rare cases.

The formation of hydrocele in mature or older men can happen for two reasons. First, when the resorption of serous fluid which can be through inguinal surgery by the venous system or the scrotal lymphatic of the tunica decreases. Second, the stimulation that increases the production of serous fluids which can be caused by a trauma, an inflammation or a tumor also by the tunica. Pediatric age group can also be affected by hydroceles which are attributed by patent processus vaginalis.

Most often the evaluation of scrotal mass are neither exhibiting nor causing the symptoms of the disease. Discovery and self-examination of scrotal mass can sometimes be prompted by perineal or scrotal trauma. Inflammation can sometimes be the result of urgency, dysuria, frequency which can be associated with bacteriuria and painful scrotal swelling also pain in the testicles or the groin area.

To be diagnosed precisely whether you have hydroceles or not can be solely made through physical findings. The scrotum needs to be examined thoroughly and completely. Every case examination of the scrotum will be consisted of palpitation overall inspection and transillumination. If you are examining yourself and you want to make sure that the scrotal mass you discovered in your testicles are not hydroceles, there is an easy way to prove it. You can shine the enlarged portion of your scrotum with a flashlight, when your scrotum lights up it means that hydrocele is present which means you’ve got the disease for sure.

Assurances are the only therapies needed when the scrotal mass is still small and asymptomatic meaning you don’t have the symptoms of the disease yet. Once there is already a disfigurement and scrotal discomfort due to the sheer size of the scrotal mass, indications for intervention should be absolutely included. Immediate treatment options are surgical excision, aspiration injection of sclerosing agent, or aspiration with the use of a needle.

In hydroceles, reaccumulation of the fluid typically happens when the treatment is done with the simple needle aspiration which is often seldom therapeutic because the real problem was not addressed directly. But you can expect outstanding results with needle aspiration with the combination of sclerosing agent injection and through surgical excision. The percentage of the success rate is from 33% to 100%. It is strongly recommended to undergo surgery if the hydrocele is still present within the next 12 to 18 months of age. The surgical excision is only a minor surgery procedure which is performed through an out-patient basis by using a spinal or a general anesthesia. When intervention is greatly indicated, perhaps surgical excision will be the most effective form.