Degenerative Disc Disease
The term ‘Degenerative disc disease’ is used to denote the spinal problems occurred due to damage to the disc. Usually these problems are the combination of more than one problems of disc damage. The problems caused by damaged disc can affect any part of spine. Neck areas and lower back are the most common body parts that are affected by the degenerative disc disease.
The degenerative disc disease normally begins with the twisting injury caused to the disc space. Excessive micro-motion is created by such injured disc and disc becomes weak as a result of the injury. Low back pain in degenerative disc disease is produced by combination of excessive micro-motion and inflammatory proteins present in the disc.
The degenerative disc disease is also known by its common name spondylosis. To understand what exactly degenerative disc disease is it is important to know what a disc is. A disc is a rubbery, soft structure found between vertebrae that makes the spinal column. Vertebrae are nothing but the hard bones that make up spinal column. The vertebrae help our back to conduct movements like flex and bend. Discs also function as shock absorbers for our body.
Causes behind Degenerative Disc Disease
For treatment and cure of any disease it is important to know the causes behind occurrence of that disease. This will help you in adopting preventing measures to minimize your suffering by avoiding known causes. Usually, degenerative disc disease develops gradually over a period, in most of the patients. Minor injuries to spine disc and repeated stresses are considered as the most common causes behind development of degenerative disc disease. You may sustain minor injuries to disc owing to an accident or even due to regular physical activities. These minor injuries to the disc do not produce pain at initial stage or at the time of injury. Lifting or carrying heavy objects and sports impact, that is minimal in nature, is included in the daily stresses. Even a twisting injury can lead to development of degenerative disc disease by weakening the disc and creating excessive micro-motion. Combination of inflammatory proteins in the disc and excessive micro-motion creates pain in lower back.
Symptoms of Degenerative Disc Disease
Pain in the back is the main early symptom of Degenerative Disc Disease. Such pain may spread to other body parts like upper thighs and buttocks. Stiffness of spine is another symptom.
Treatment of Degenerative Disc Disease
After having understood the causes and symptoms of disease it becomes important to choose right therapy for its treatment. Following are some of the most commonly used treatments for treating degenerative disc disease.
- Dynamic lumber stabilization exercises
- Hamstring stretching
- Aerobic conditioning (low-impact)
- Use of medications with an aim of achieving relief from pains
- Your physician may advise you to undergo lumber spinal fusion therapy in severe case. This therapy is aimed at restricting motion at painful motion segment.