When an infant cries for longer periods and is almost inconsolable, medically this phenomenon is known as Colic. Generally the babies with colic will have tendency to cry at least three hours per day. This crying session, generally happens in the later part of afternoon or in the evening. Normally this colic appears in babies in the third week of their birth. In some cases newborn colic may happen at a very early age of one week.
Causes of Colic
There is no certain theory about the cause of colic. The definite cause of colic is still unknown. Gastric problem and immature digestive tract are generally being considered the main causes of colic. Some believe that the colic occurs because the baby’s nervous system is not that mature and crying could happen due to over stimulation. Another reason is said to the sensitivity of babies to light and sound.
How to identify colic?
The most significant sign of existence of colic in the baby is that while crying normally he is inconsolable. In this case if a child starts crying, nothing will console the baby. The babies who have the problem of colic seem to be in to a lot of pain. Generally the babies with colic put their legs up or tighten the legs.
Some Other Symptoms of Colic:
- A baby with colic, the baby’s face may become flushed, and some whiteness can also appear all around the mouth of baby.
- In such cases the abdomen may be felt tight or swollen.
- This is routine for the babies with that they cry for at least three hours per day and this process may continue till the age of about three months. This colic happens at a specific time everyday like the late afternoon or in the evening. Generally parents report that this colic in their child is just like any other routine work.
Tips about colic for parents
The first thing the parents should do in case their child is having this problem of colic that the child should be examined by their pediatrician. The pediatrician may not diagnose any medical problem but he can give some useful advice.
Tips on how to console your baby:
- Burping during and after feeding will help.
- Whenever the baby goes through the crying bouts keep on burping the baby to relieve any gas formation due to crying.
- Tightly hug the baby during crying, almost all the babies responds very well to this and also they feel secure.
- Apply pressure to the stomach of the baby by laying the baby across your lap.
- If there are bright lights switch them off or dim them and also avoid over stimulation.
- Hold the baby closely as much as possible and keep in this position for a long period.
- Some form of “white noise” in the background also helps.
- Give the baby infant gas drops.
This is very important for the parents who have babies with colic that the parents take care of themselves. Take help of other family members and have some rest in between. Since the babies are very sensitive they can sense that caretakers are feeling nervous or are frustrated of them. This problem of colic generally disappears by the age of twelve weeks.