Definition of Cervial Spondylosis
Cervical spondylosis is a degenerative disorder of the neck bones. This disorder is caused by abnormal wear of the neck bone cartilage. The bones present in the neck are called as cervical vertebrae and the cushions situated between these vertebrae are called cervical disks. The condition of cervical spondylosis is caused due to mineral deposits in the cushions located between vertebrae and degeneration of neck bones cartilage.
The abnormal wear on the neck bones and cartilage can lead to gradual compression of one or more than one nerve roots. This compression of nerve roots result in changes in sensation, pain in neck and arm and sufferer may even experience weakness. If not taken proper precaution and treatment this condition may worsen. In advance condition of cervical spondylosis, even spinal cord can get compressed and show more adverse effects. If the spinal cord is compressed, the pain and sensational changes, which initially occur in arms and neck can be felt in the legs also. Cervical spondylosis is also known by other name cervical osteoarthritis.
Causes behind occurrence of Cervical Spondylosis
Chronic degeneration of vertebrae cushions (cervical discs), cervical spine bones and cervical spine is the main cause behind occurrence of cervical spondylosis. This degeneration could be result of previous neck injury suffered by a person. Improper sitting position, prolonged sitting in a position that can stress the cervical region and spine can also attribute the occurrence of cervical spondylosis up-to certain extent.
Symptoms of Cervical Spondylosis
The symptoms of cervical spondylosis may defer from one person to another as per general health condition of a person. Following are some of the common symptoms, one may experience, with the onset of cervical spondylosis.
- Pain in neck. At times this pain may radiate to other body parts like shoulder and arms.
- Feeling of abnormal sensation in arms and shoulders or loss of sensation in arms and shoulder
- Feeling of weakness of arms
- Stiffness of neck. Such stiffness may be worsening gradually
- In severe cases you may experience loss of balance
- Loss of control over bladder function or bowels
Treatment of Cervical Spondylosis
There are many therapies available for treatment of cervical spondylosis. Usually, mild cases of cervical spondylosis do not require any treatment. However, one may require proper treatment if the cervical spondylosis is in advance stage or is worsening. The main aim of cervical spondylosis treatment is to relieve pain and prevent spinal cord and nerve root from getting damaged permanently. Following are some of the common treatments used for treatment of cervical spondylosis.
- Anti-inflammatory medication
- Neck brace
- Neck traction
- Cortisone injections
Bed rest is recommended for patients with severe symptoms of cervical spondylosis. Generally, surgery is not advised to patients with cervical spondylosis. However, surgery may be conducted to for removal of disc tissues or bone.
Health Complications caused by Cervical Spondylosis
Cervical Spondylosis may lead to following health complications.
- Persistent (chronic) pain in neck
- Gradual loss of sensation or muscle function
- Loss of control over bowels and bladder