Know here about various causes, symptoms and treatment of different types of autoimmune disorders.
Alopecia Areata :
It's an autoimmune disease that causes the body to form antibodies system attacks against some hair follicles, causing loss of hair on the scalp, face and other parts of the body. Alopecia Areata is often called as spot baldness. It can occur at any age and effects around 1% of the population, most commonly children. Some people develop only a few bare patches that regrow hair within a year.
Goodpasture's Syndrome :
Goodpasture's Syndrome is a disease, which involves a progressive decrease in the kidney's ability to function or behave properly and haemorrhaging of the lungs. However, the disease may also cause lung disease alone or kidney disease alone. But most commonly the lung symptoms develop first before the kidney disease becomes evident.
Grave's Disease :
Graves' disease is a type of hyperthyroidism that is caused by a generalized over activity of the entire thyroid gland. It is named on Robert Graves, an Irish physician, who was the first to determine this disease. It is one of the most common of all thyroid problems. It is the major cause of hyperthyroidism, a condition in which thyroid gland produces excessive hormones. Once the disorder has been correctly diagnosed, it's easy to treat. If left untreated, it can lead to serious complications and even death.
With Graves disease there's no long-term adverse health affect if the patient receives proper medical care.
Hashimoto's Disease :
Hashimoto's disease is a problem with thyroid gland located in your neck. The thyroid glands are responsible to make hormones in your body that control how you body should use energy. When you are suffering from Hashimoto's disease, your immune system begins to attack your thyroid gland causing it to become swollen and irritated. When such attack occurs in your body the thyroid is unable to make hormones in the body, as it should.
If you are suffering from Lupus, something is wrong with your immune system and it attacks all the possible healthy cells and tissues within your body. This can damage the parts of the body such as heart, skin, kidneys, brain, lungs. There are several kinds of Lupus and the most common type includes systemic lupus erythematosus, which affects many parts of the body.
Myasthenia Gravis :
It is the most common primary disorder of neuromuscular transmission and is typically found between the ages of 20 and 50. Unlike any other neurological disorders, Myasthenia Gravis does not cause progressive muscle atrophy - degeneration. Myasthenia Gravis can be caused by an acquired immune abnormality or by genetic abnormality. It is characterized with weakness of the skeletal muscles of the body.
What Is Psoriasis? Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition. There are around five different types, each with different signs and symptoms. People who suffer from Psoriasis get a related form of arthritis called - psoriatic arthritis, which causes inflammation of the joints. Plaque Psoriasis is the most common type of Psoriasis. Most of the people who develop Psoriasis have plaque psoriasis, which appears as patches of raised red skin covered by silvery-white scale. They frequently form on elbows, knees, lower back and scalp. However, plaque can occur anywhere on the body. What causes Psoriasis? Psoriasis is the oldest skin condition; scientist still feels that there are no known what causes Psoriasis; research has significantly advanced our understanding. The one important breakthrough began with the discovery that kidney-transplant recipients who had psoriasis experienced clearing when taking cyclosporine.