For different types of cancer, it is easy to treat and cure the cancer if it is found early. There are many different types of cancer, but most cancers begin with abnormal cells growing and forming a lump’s called a tumour. Therein the tumour will continue to grow until cancer begins to spread to the other parts of the body. If the tumour is found when it is small curing the cancer becomes easy. However, if the tumour goes undetected the more the chances that the cancer has spread to the other parts of the body. And this makes treatment more tedious.
Depending upon your age, sex and lifestyle the doctor will be screening you for certain types of cancer. Screening means looking for cancer and its possible symptoms in your body.
The risk factor for cancer is affected by the following:
- Tobacco products, such as cigarettes
- Having eaten high-calories diet for most of your life
- Exposed to chemicals that causes cancer
For Women – The most common cancer that is found in women is breast cancer and cervical cancer.
If breast cancer, you should begin checking your breasts for lumps every month could begin as early at 20. Your doctor can teach you how to check your breast on your own. Also allow visit your doctor to check your breasts every 1 or 2 years after the age of 30. If you are at risk of having breast cancer the doctor may want you to have mammograms more often.
If cervical cancer, you can have regular Pap smears. During a Pap smears, the doctor takes a sample of cells from your cervix to be tested. You should have your Pap smears when you start having sex. Continue having Pap smears once a year until you’ve had at least 3 normal Pap smears. After this you can have your Pap smear at least every 3 years. Keep having Pap smears throughout your life even after menopause.
For Men – Men usually suffers from prostate cancer and testicular cancer.
If prostate cancer, you need to consult your doctor whether screening is needed for the prostate cancer. The doctor will examine the cancer by putting a lubricated glove with few fingers into your rectum to feel your prostate gland. This refers to a digital rectal exam. A normal prostate feels firm and rubbery. If there are hard spots on the prostate the doctor may suspect it as a prostate cancer. Another way to check prostate cancer is with a blood test called the PSA test. PSA stands for prostate-specific antigen. If doctor detects high levels of PSA than possibly you are suffering from prostate cancer.
If testicular cancer, doctor will examine your testicals on a daily basis. If they found something like lump or swelling then you might be suffering from testicular cancer. The right time to do the exam is during or right after a shower or bath. The shower with warm water relaxes your skin and makes the examination a little easier. Later, your doctor will give you specific information about checking your testicles.