Break in the bone is known as fracture. Fracture is one of the most common injury most of the people get at least once during their lifetime. Age factor plays great role in fractures. Severity and possibility of fractures is noticed more in the aged people. Children suffer less from fractures as their bones are more flexible and hence a chance of breaking bones is lesser. This difference of bone flexibility makes aged people more prone to fractures when compared to children, in accidents and falls. This is so because the bones get hard and brittle with the age.
Symptoms of Fracture
Each individual may experience different symptoms depending on the location and impact of fracture. Following are some of the common symptoms of any fracture.
- Swelling of the affected area
- Inability to carry out functions of the injured area
- Deformity of limb
- Bruising around the affected area
Causes of fracture
It is known that fracture means breaking of bone. Such break can occur due to reasons like fall, accident etc. In short, fracture is caused due to inability of bone to withstand the force exerted on it.
Different forms of Fractures
Fractures can be classified in different categories based on the impact of the fracture. Some of the types of fractures include simple facture, comminuted facture, impacted fracture, compound fracture, complete fracture and incomplete fracture.
- Simple Fracture: In this type of fracture bone breaks into two pieces.
- Stress: It is a peculiar form of fracture. In this type of fracture, hairline break occurs which is usually invisible (even on X-ray) during first few weeks from the time of pain
- Comminuted Fracture: In this form the bone is crushed into number of pieces
- Impacted Fracture: in this type of fracture embedding of one bone fragment into another bone fragment is apparent
- Compound fracture: It is also known by common name open fracture. In this type the bone protrudes through skin
- Complete Fracture: Bone snaps totally in two or more pieces
- Incomplete Fracture: Though the bone develops crack it is not separated.
Treatments for Fractures
The treatment of fracture is aimed at proper healing and realignment. Following are some of the common procedures for bone realignment.
- Use of splint or cast for ensuring immobilization
- Realigning the bone with the help of surgery known as open reduction. Usually, such surgery is conducted after administering anesthesia (either local or general). If required, a plate, pin, rod or screw can be inserted into the bone (this is done to hold the bone in place) during surgery. Surgery provides early relief and helps you in getting early mobility of injured bone
This realignment procedure is followed with rehabilitation tactics and medication, for fast recovery. Medication is used mainly for relieving pains. Rehabilitation is conducted as preventive measure against stiffness.
Side effects of fracture treatments
You may experience difficulty in bone function and bone may not heal properly if the fracture is closed repaired. In cases of open repaired fractures, side effects like bleeding, infection, damage to nerves or blood vessels may occur. You may experience allergic reactions to the anesthesia